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Š. Meškinis, M. Andrulevičius, S. Tamulevičius, V. Kopustinskas, K. Šlapikas, J. Jankauskas, B. Čižiūtė

XPS study of the a-C:H/Ti and a-C:H/a-Si interfaces

Vacuum 80 (2006) 1007–1011

In this study ultrathin hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) films have been grown onto the titanium and amorphous silicon (a-Si) overlayers by direct ion beam deposition using acetylene gas as a hydrocarbon source. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used for study of the DLC-Ti and DLC-Si interfaces. It was revealed that a-Si is a good interlayer for improvement of adhesion in the case of diamond-like carbon film deposition onto the steel substrate at room temperature. a-C:H film growth without substantial intermixing occurred on the a-Si. On the other hand, adhesion between the Ti interlayer and the diamond like carbon film was very sensitive to the deposition conditions (presence of the pump oil) as well as structure and stress level of the Ti film. It was explained by strong intermixing between the growing carbon film and Ti. Bad adhesion between the growing DLC film and Ti interlayer was observed despite formation of the TiC. At the same time, formation of the TiOx was not an obstacle for good adhesion. It is shown that composition of the used hydrocarbon gas, structure of the Ti thin film and mechanical stress in it had greater influence on adhesion with a-C:H film than elemental composition of the Ti interlayer surface.

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Cited Articles

  1. Zajíčková L., Veltruská K., Tsud N., Franta D.,
    XPS and ellipsometric study of DLC/silicon Interface,
    Vacuum 61 (2001) 269–273