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Amrish K. Panwar, S. K. Barthwal, S. Ray

Variation of lap shear tensile strength of polycarbonate-mild steel adhesive joints with DC glow discharge modified polycarbonate

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 38A (2007) 197-202

It has been observed that the wettability/surface energy of polycarbonate (PC) changes with the variation in process parameters, such as discharge power and time of exposure of DC glow discharge. The wettability of the PC surface has been measured by the contact angle measurements of two test liquids, such as water and formamide, by the sessile drop method. The lap shear tensile strength (LSTS) of PC to the mild steel (MS) adhesive joint has been measured with both the as-received polymer and those exposed under DC glow discharge. An appreciable increase in the LSTS has been attained for samples treated under DC glow discharge at a lower power level and also at a short exposure time at higher power. This increase in LSTS is attributed to increased polar surface energy with increasing power and time of exposure. After a certain level of surface modification of the PC, the strength of the adhesive joint deteriorates, while the total surface energy and its polar component may increase continuously. The subsurface damage taking place particularly at long exposure times and at higher power may lead to deterioration of LSTS in spite of a strong interface between the polymer and the adhesive. In such a case, the joint is observed to fracture not across the interface but through the subsurface. The optimum exposure limits the subsurface damage while creating a strong interface.

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  1. Zajíčková L., Subedi D. P., Buršíková V., Veltruská K.,
    Study of Argon Plasma Treatment of Polycarbonate Substrate and its Effect on Film Deposition,
    Acta Physica Slovaca 53 (2003) 489–504