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Yousuke Fukaya, Takashi Yanase, Yasushi Kubota, Shigeki Imai, Taketoshi Matsumoto, H. Kobayashi

Low temperature fabrication of 5-10 nm SiO2/Si structure using advanced nitric acid oxidation of silicon (NAOS) method

Applied Surface Science 256 (2010) 5610-5613

We have developed the advanced nitric acid oxidation of Si (NAOS) method to form relatively thick (5-10 nm) SiO2/Si structure with good electrical characteristics. This method simply involves immersion of Si in 68 wt% nitric acid aqueous solutions at 120 degrees C with polysilazane films. Fourier transform infrared absorption (FT-IR) measurements show that the atomic density of the NAOS SiO2 layer is considerably high even without post-oxidation anneal (POA), i.e., 2.28 x 10(22) atoms/cm(2), and it increases by POA at 400 degrees C in wet-oxygen (2.32 x 10(22) atoms/cm(2)) or dry-oxygen (2.30 x 10(22) atoms/cm(2)). The leakage current density is considerably low (e. g., 10(-5) A/cm(2) at 8 MV/cm) and it is greatly decreased (10(-8) A/cm(2) at 8 MV/cm) by POA at 400 degrees C in wet-oxygen. POA in wet-oxygen increases the atomic density of the SiO2 layer, and decreases the density of oxide fixed positive charges. (C) 2010 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

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